cervical cancer

Cervical Cancer Symptoms – The Facts that You Need to Know

Cervical cancer is one of the commonest forms of cancer among females all over the world. If the disease is not detected and treated early, it can be life-threatening. This disease originates in the cervix region of a patient’s body, which extends from the vagina to the uterus. The chances of cervical cancer increases when the cervical cells multiply abnormally in a rapid sequence.

Research shows, a particular type of virus (human papilloma virus or HPV) is responsible for this disease. As a preventive measure, you can ask your doctor to screen you for this virus, as well as for the precancerous cells. Then, they can prescribe you treatments to prevent this cancer from claiming you a victim.

The symptoms

Unfortunately, the symptoms for cervical cancer usually do not show up until the disease has reached the advanced stages. Moreover, most people, confuse these symptoms with other gynaecological problems like urinary tract infection, menstrual cycle, yeast infection and others.

According to cancer specialists, the typical symptoms of the disease include:

  • Excessive bleeding, like bleeding after sex, in between menstrual periods and following a pelvic exam.
  • Even patients, who have reached menopause, experience abnormal bleeding.
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge, which also differ in colour, smell and quantity.
  • Experiencing pain while urinating.
  • Complaining of pelvic pain.

In order to stop this disease from disrupting lives and families, it is essential for every woman to undergo the cervical screening test. The silver lining around the dark cloud here is early detection of the cervical cancer symptoms and proper treatment can definitely save lives. However, consciousness plays a huge role in early diagnosis of this otherwise killer disease.

HPV and cervical cancer

HPV is found to be responsible for the majority of cervical cancer cases. Latest breakthroughs in medicine confirms, certain behaviours of the HPV make the normal cervical cells abnormal. In course of time, which may even be decades, these affected cells turn cancerous.

A study shows, women, who were exposed to the drug DES (diethylstilbestrol) while inside their mothers’ wombs are more at risk of developing this disease. The medicine is a form of estrogen and it was expected to prevent miscarriage. Unfortunately, the drug was found to abnormally multiply the cells across the cervix and the vagina. As a result, it was taken off the market in various countries, as early as the 1970s.

HPV types and cervical cancer diagnosis

Apart from the common symptoms of cervical cancer, a PAP test is the best clinical way to diagnose the disease. The test is pretty simple and involves swabbing the cervix with something like a cotton swab. Then, the swab is sent to the lab to trace the presence of the precancerous or the cancerous cells.

HPV can be sexually transmitted. It can originate from vaginal, anal and even oral sex. There are over 200 types of HPVs in existance. Out of these, HPV Type 16 and Type 18 are most prone to transmit the disease. Moreover, these HPV types can also result in anal cancer, vaginal cancer, vulvar cancer and oropharyngeal cancer.

To get upto date information on cervical cancer, prevention and treatments follow up with your doctor at Gynae Clinic.