A Thorough Guide to IUD Insertion to Avoid Unwanted Pregnancy

A Thorough Guide to IUD Insertion to Avoid Unwanted Pregnancy

IUD or intrauterine devices are in great demand to avoid an unwanted pregnancy. This alternative not only reveals a great success rate but also requires a woman to do nothing for birth control once it is inserted. An expert associated with a renowned women’s health clinic in London says, though there’re different varieties of IUDs available in the market, the insertion procedure is the same for each one of them.

An IUD comes with a copper component, which plays the role of spermicide. Unfortunately, a lot of myths keep floating in the air, when IUDs are concerned. Experts from a Private IUD fitting centre in Harley Street sum up those myths as following:

  • IUD isn’t for women who’re yet to be a mother.
  • IUDs are not for teenagers.
  • IUDs are unsafe.
  • Women using IUDs are prone to infertility and pelvic inflammatory diseases.

These are just baseless myths and as a modern woman, you shouldn’t be affected by them.

Preparation for the IUD insertion:

Before the IUD is inserted, some doctors prescribe pain-killing medicines that are available over the counter at any chemist shop. Usually, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen are administered to patients an hour before the insertion. It is also advisable to carry a sanitary pad, in case there’s bleeding.

The procedure:

Before you walk into the insertion room inside the clinic, the support staffs will have all the equipment ready. They will also explain the procedure before swinging to action. You can also ask them questions and clear out all doubts during this time. This interactive session helps not only break the ice but also makes the patients more calm and relaxed. The more relaxed you’re during the procedure, the easier and less painful the insertion is.

The standard examination performed in IUD insertion is a bimanual examination. The doctor will insert two fingers into your vagina, while her other hand will be on your abdomen. This way the expert will correctly determine the position, size, mobility and consistency of your uterus. It also helps in identifying any tenderness, which may lead you to infections later. There may also be a pregnancy test at this stage to ensure that you’re not pregnant.

Cervix stabilisation:

At this stage of the procedure, the expert will expose the inner structure of your vagina. Usually, a speculum is used to hold open the vagina. The IUD is inserted into the vaginal wall and its sides are separated. After it gets over, the cervix, the adjacent anterior and posterior recesses in the vagina are thoroughly cleansed and sanitised with antiseptic solution. This sanitisation is a crucial part of IUD fitting and it is done to rule out the possibility of any infections.

Considering the ease and the effectiveness of this modern birth control procedure, popularity of private IUD fitting is rising steadily in London. At this stage of IUD insertion, you may experience severe discomfort. In order to overcome that, some physicians administer patients with a local anaesthesia.

Measuring the cervical canal and the uterus:

Ideally, an IUD shouldn’t be inserted into a uterus which is less than 6 centimeter in depth. This part of the procedure ensures your uterus is deep enough to hold an IUD. The medical expert measures the length and direction of your cervical canal and the uterus using an instrument called sound. This procedure also lessens the chance of uterus perforation or puncturing of the uterus by the IUD. It is also important to ensure there’s no contact between your vagina and speculum blades.

IUD insertion:

After withdrawing sound from your vagina, the doctor will bring out the IUD from its sterile packaging. The arms of it are carefully bent in the backward direction and a slider or tube that contains the IUD is inserted into your vagina.

The IUD is then pushed into the place as directed by the sound. This is done by a plunger present in the slider. Once the IUD gets into the correct position inside your uterus, its arms open up in the shape of “T”.

The insertion procedure is found to be uncomplicated in the majority of cases. The entire procedure lasts only a few minutes. You may feel cramps and pinches while the procedure is going on. Some patients also complain about dizziness. Try taking deep breaths to minimise the discomfort.

In case a patient starts perspiring, vomiting or turns senseless, the IUD is removed immediately. However, a very small number of patients experience these unwanted side-effects.

The last stage of IUD insertion:

As the IUD gets into its place, all the medical tools are removed from your vagina. About 1 to 2 inches of the strings of the intrauterine device are left intact by the doctor. They hang down into your vagina from the cervix. These remaining strings won’t be visible from the inside but they can easily be felt by inserting a finger into your vagina. You can check if the IUD is in proper place by feeling the leftover strings inside the vagina.

It is the doctor’s responsibility to tell you the type of IUD that is inserted into your vagina and when it needs to be removed. She will also give you a set of instructions regarding dos and don’ts with your IUD. These instructions are vital for you to follow.

Once you reach home:

After the IUD insertion is over, most women drive back home themselves. The clinical procedure also doesn’t require any turnaround time. Thus, you can smoothly switch back to your routine lifestyle right after it. However, a small number of women experience cramps as a side-effect. They must take rest and medication to overcome the problem.

For the next few days, you’ll experience bleeding. This is normal and there’s nothing to worry about. In case, you experience heavy bleeding, you must contact the clinic.

The first period after inserting an IUD usually turns out to be heavy. It may also arrive a few days earlier than you expected.
There must be a follow-up appointment with the medical expert within 4 to 6 weeks of the IUD insertion to ensure that things are going the right way.

Getting back to the sex life:

Once you start feeling comfortable with the IUD inside your vagina, you can start having sex again. Usually, this takes a few days. The standard varieties of IUDs, like  Mirena, Kyleena, Liletta, and Skyla are immediately effective to prevent pregnancy if they are inserted within seven days after the beginning of your period. Paraguard is a unique range of IUD, which starts protecting you from pregnancy immediately after it is inserted, irrespective of any other condition. Other than Paraguard, if you go for the standard varieties of IUD, make sure to use an additional contraceptive like a condom or spermicide during the first one week after the insertion. IUD pregnancy protection starts a week after insertion.

For the first few weeks, you must check the IUD strings and make sure that they are in place every few days after. Gynae Clinic has reputation for IUD fitting and IUS fitting. We handle a large number of such cases around the year. You can contact us any time for more information on IUD contraceptive and its fitting.

Gynae Clinic is a website designed to inform our patients about gynaecological services delivered at Medical Express Clinic at 117a Harley Street. In the event that patients are seen by a clinician, this will be arranged at Medical Express Clinic which is registered in the United Kingdom with the Care Quality Commission to provide healthcare services.